cranial nerves

cranial nerves
plural noun Anatomy the twelve pairs of nerves which arise directly from the brain and pass through separate apertures in the skull.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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  • Cranial nerves — are nerves that emerge directly from the brain stem in contrast to spinal nerves which emerge from segments of the spinal cord. Although thirteen cranial nerves in humans fit this description, twelve are conventionally recognized. The nerves from …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial nerves — Nerves that emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral column. Cranial nerves come directly from the brain through the skull. There are 12 cranial nerves each of which is accorded …   Medical dictionary

  • cranial nerves — the 12 pairs of nerves that arise directly from the brain and leave the skull through separate apertures; they are conventionally given Roman numbers, as follows: I olfactory; II optic; III oculomotor; IV trochlear; V trigeminal; VI abducens; VII …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • cranial nerves — *** The following format is used: Nerve Motor (M) or Sensory (S) Origin Function 0 Terminal (Preoptic) S Telencephalon; ventral border of olfactory bulb Smell? and sensory endings of snout I Olfactory S Telencephalon; anterior end of olfactory… …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • List of mnemonics for the cranial nerves — As the list is important to keep in mind during the examination of the nervous system, there are many mnemonic devices in circulation to help remember the names and order of the cranial nerves. Following is a list of such mnemonics:* OLd OPie… …   Wikipedia

  • Nerves, cranial — Nerves that emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium), as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral column. Cranial nerves come directly from the brain through the skull. There are 12 cranial nerves each of which is accorded …   Medical dictionary

  • Cranial nerve disease — Classification and external resources Cranial nerves ICD 10 G …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial nerve zero — Latin nervus terminalis Code TA A14.2.01.002 The terminal nerve, or cranial nerve zero, was discovered by German scientist Gustav Fritsch in 1878 in the brains of sharks. It was first found in humans in 1913 …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial neural crest — Latin crista neuralis cranialis Code TE E5.15.1.0.2.0.1 The cranial neural crest is a form of neural crest.[1] The cranial neural crest arises in the anterior and populates the face and the pharyngeal arches giving rise to bones, cartilage, n …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial nerve — Nerve: Cranial nerves Inferior view of the brain and brain stem showing cranial nerves. An unlabelled version is here Latin nervus cranialis (plural: nervi cranial …   Wikipedia

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